Top 5 scientists from Cambridge University
The historic city of Cambridge is most commonly known for its famous university. Built in 1209, Cambridge University counts with a total of 31 colleges spread all around town. Consequently, their students occupy the vast majority of the residents of this city. Hence, this iconic institution, has been responsible for some of the greatest scientific discoveries of the world. Which lead to, nowadays, impressive list of Nobel Prize winners. Thus, this week’s blog post is going to introduce you to 5 of the most famous scientists from Cambridge University.
Sir Isaac Newton (Trinity College, 1700)
Sir Isaac Newton was a student of advanced mathematics at Trinity College. Although, one of his most iconic discovery started on the day an apple fell on top of his head, making him scream ‘EUREKA’! This unfortunate event, made Sir Isaac Newton into the founder of the universal theory of gravity. Notably, his theory is still taught in the majority of school around the word. So this theory states that the gravitational force between two bodies is proportional to the product of their masses. Yet, inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
Charles Darwin (Christ’s College, 1831)
Charles Darwin was a student at Christ’s College, previously destined to a life within the Holy Order. However, his interest about the origin of our existence took is life down a diferent path. In other words, Darwin is nowadays, most commonly known as the father of modern biology. As a result of his famous theory of biological evolution, ‘Darwinism’. Therefore, to this naturalist, the development of species was highly connected to an inevitable natural selection which would increase organism’s capacities and abilities to compete, survive, and reproduce.
Alan Turing (King’s College, 1934)
Alan Turing graduated from King’s College with a first-class honours degree on mathematics. Besides, at the age of 22 years old, he was elected as a Fellow of his college. In fact, Alan Turing was also a pioneer of theoretical computer science, as well as of artificial intelligence. Nowadays, Turing is one of the most famous alumni of King’s College. Hence, apart from what was previously mention, Turing as a fundamental piece during the WW2. As a result of is impressive knowledge, he decoded the German enigma code during the second world war. Which lead to an allied victory over Nazi Germany. As in the ‘Imitation Games’, a movie that portrays this moment, it is possible to see how he broke the code as well as the impact during the war.
Rosalind Franklin (Newham College, 1938)
Rosalind was a chemist and an x-ray crystallographer. In fact, her remarkable work is reflected over the discvery of the fine structure of coal and graphite as well as the virus structure. Although her work, was praised to an international recognition level, one of her most important discoveries, didn’t gave her the deserved recognition. Hence she was the first one to find out that DNA molecule’s had a double helix structure, over an x-ray crystallography photo of a DNA segment. However, her discovery arrived to James Watson and Francis Crick, before she had the chance to proclaim it as her own discovery. Therefore, Watson and Crick took her progress as the final proof to proclaim their own discovery. As revealed by their statement at the Eagle Pub, announcing that they had unveiled the secret of life.
Stephen Hawking (Trinity Hall College, 1965)
Notably a graduated student from Trinity Hall college, who also received a research fellowship at Gonville and Caius College. During his studies, Stephen Hawking was the first one to explain the theory of cosmology by a combination of the general theory of relativity with quantum mechanics. Although he had a PhD degree in mathematics and theoretical physics, his specialisation was general relativity and cosmology. Therefore, this legendary hero of the cosmos, returned as a post graduating lecturer position, (a position previously occupied by Sir Isaac Newton) lecturing for about 30 years, at Gonville and Caius College.